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Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 45, Issue 6, pp 549–562 | Cite as

Uranium as a possible criterion for the hydro-chemical alteration of betafite

  • Mohammad Hosseinpour Khanmiri
  • Svetlana Yu. Yanson
  • Edward V. Fomin
  • Anatoly V. Titov
  • Andrey V. Grebeniuk
  • Yury S. Polekhovsky
  • Roman V. Bogdanov
Original Paper
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

Hydro-chemical processes significantly alter the original composition of metamict minerals. In the work presented here, an attempt was made to reconstruct the chemical composition of betafite in the earlier stages of its geological history. The time scale is determined by the leaching rate of the isotope 238U, a process that takes its course in line with first-order kinetics, or something close to it. The leaching rate constant of this uranium isotope was assessed. Based on available data in the literature, the hydro-chemical behavior of various atoms in group A of betafite was analyzed. The chemical composition of the mineral was calculated taking into account the total charge of the cations that the betafite had at the time it was formed, or possibly the last time it was completely reformed as a result of diverse endogenic processes.

Keywords

Metamict minerals Redox-state of uranium Chemical shift of X-ray Lα1- line Chemical weathering Leaching kinetic Half-leaching time Calculations of mineral formula 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant No. 14-31-00022.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Hosseinpour Khanmiri
    • 1
  • Svetlana Yu. Yanson
    • 1
  • Edward V. Fomin
    • 2
  • Anatoly V. Titov
    • 2
  • Andrey V. Grebeniuk
    • 1
  • Yury S. Polekhovsky
    • 1
  • Roman V. Bogdanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint-Petersburg State UniversitySaint-PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Petersburg Nuclear Physics InstituteGatchinaRussia

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