Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 345–351 | Cite as

Potassium self-diffusion in a K-rich single-crystal alkali feldspar

  • Fabian HergemöllerEmail author
  • Matthias Wegner
  • Manfred Deicher
  • Herbert Wolf
  • Florian Brenner
  • Herbert Hutter
  • Rainer Abart
  • Nicolaas A. Stolwijk
Original Paper


The paper reports potassium diffusion measurements performed on gem-quality single-crystal alkali feldspar in the temperature range from 1169 to 1021 K. Natural sanidine from Volkesfeld, Germany was implanted with \({}^{43}{\hbox {K}}\) at the ISOLDE/CERN radioactive ion-beam facility normal to the \(\left( 001\right)\) crystallographic plane. Diffusion coefficients are well described by the Arrhenius equation with an activation energy of 2.4  eV and a pre-exponential factor of \(5 \times 10^{-6}\,{\hbox {m}}^2/{\hbox {s}}\), which is more than three orders of magnitude lower than the \({}^{22}{\hbox {Na}}\) diffusivity in the same feldspar and the same crystallographic direction. State-of-the-art considerations including ionic conductivity data on the same crystal and Monte Carlo simulations of diffusion in random binary alloy structures point to a correlated motion of K and Na through the interstitialcy mechanism.


Alkali feldspar Potassium diffusion Interstitialcy mechanism Correlation factor Haven ratio 



We acknowledge the support provided by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through Grants 05K13TSA and 05K16PGA for the use of implantation and diffusion equipment and infrastructure at ISOLDE/CERN. We are grateful to Karl Johnston and Juliana Schell for their help in performing \({}^{43}{\hbox {K}}\) implantations and to Marina Muñoz Castro for contributing surface profile measurements. This research was further supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through the grant STO 210/16-1.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für MaterialphysikUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Technische PhysikUniversität des SaarlandesSaarbrückenGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Chemical Technologies and AnalyticsVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  4. 4.Department of Lithospheric ResearchUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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