Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 327–340

Ionic conductivity in gem-quality single-crystal alkali feldspar from the Eifel: temperature, orientation and composition dependence

  • Hamid El Maanaoui
  • Fabian Wilangowski
  • Aditya Maheshwari
  • Hans-Dieter Wiemhöfer
  • Rainer Abart
  • Nicolaas A. Stolwijk
Original Paper

Abstract

We measured the ion conductivity of single-crystal alkali feldspar originating from two different locations in the Eifel/Germany, named Volkesfeld and Rockeskyller sanidine and having potassium site fractions \(C_\mathrm{K}\) of 0.83 and 0.71, respectively. The dc conductivities resulting from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy over the temperature range of 300–900 \(^{\circ }\hbox {C}\) show a weak composition dependence but pronounced differences between the b-direction [\(\perp (010)\)] and \(c^{*}\)-direction [\(\perp (001)\)] of the monoclinic feldspar structure. Conductivity activation energies obtained from the observed linear Arrhenius plots are close to 1.2 eV in all cases, which is closely similar to the activation energies of the \(^{22}\mathrm{Na}\) tracer diffusivity in the same crystals. Taking into account literature data on K tracer diffusion and diffusion correlation effects, the present results point to a predominance of the interstitialcy mechanism over the vacancy mechanism in mass and charge transport on the alkali sublattice in potassium-rich alkali feldspar.

Keywords

Haven ratio Impedance spectroscopy Nernst–Einstein equation Orthoclase Sanidine Tracer diffusion 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid El Maanaoui
    • 1
  • Fabian Wilangowski
    • 1
  • Aditya Maheshwari
    • 2
  • Hans-Dieter Wiemhöfer
    • 2
  • Rainer Abart
    • 3
  • Nicolaas A. Stolwijk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für MaterialphysikUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Anorganische und Analytische ChemieUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  3. 3.Department of Lithospheric ResearchUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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