Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 41, Issue 8, pp 579–591 | Cite as

Static elasticity of cordierite I: Effect of heavy ion irradiation on the compressibility of hydrous cordierite

  • R. Miletich
  • K. S. ScheidlEmail author
  • M. Schmitt
  • A. P. Moissl
  • T. Pippinger
  • G. D. Gatta
  • B. Schuster
  • C. Trautmann
Original Paper


The effect of ion beam irradiations on the elastic properties of hydrous cordierite was investigated by means of Raman and X-ray diffraction experiments. Oriented single crystals were exposed to swift heavy ions (Au, Bi) of various specific energies (10.0–11.1 MeV/u and 80 MeV/u), applying fluences up to 5 × 1013 ions/cm2. The determination of unit-cell constants yields a volume strain of 3.4 × 10−3 up to the maximum fluence, which corresponds to a compression of non-irradiated cordierite at ~480 ± 10 MPa. The unit-cell contraction is anisotropic (e 1 = 1.4 ± 0.1 × 10−3, e 2 = 1.5 ± 0.1 × 10−3, and e 3 = 7 ± 1 × 10−4) with the c-axis to shrink only half as much as the axes within the ab-plane. The lattice elasticity for irradiated cordierite (ϕ = 1 × 1012 ions/cm2) was determined from single-crystal XRD measurements in the diamond anvil cell. The fitted third-order Birch–Murnaghan equation-of-state parameters of irradiated cordierite (V 0 = 1548.41 ± 0.16 Å3, K 0 = 117.1 ± 1.1 GPa, ∂K/∂P = −0.6 ± 0.3) reveal a 10–11 % higher compressibility compared to non-irradiated cordierite. While the higher compressibility is attributed to the previously reported irradiation-induced loss of extra-framework H2O, the anomalous elasticity as expressed by elastic softening (β a −1 , β b −1 , β c −1  = 397 ± 9, 395 ± 28, 308 ± 11 GPa, ∂(β −1)/∂P = −4.5 ± 2.7, −6.6 ± 8.4, −5.4 ± 3.0) appears to be related to the framework stability and to be independent of the water content in the channels and thus of the ion beam exposure.


Cordierite Heavy-ion irradiation High-pressure Raman spectroscopy Single-crystal diffraction Equation of state Static compressibility 



We thank Gerald Giester and Herta Effenberger for their help to orient crystal specimens, Andreas Wagner and Ilona Fin for the careful preparation of crystal thin sections, Ilse Glass for performing EDX analyses, Angela Ullrich for carrying out individual XRD measurement on the CORTS sample, Christian Weikusat for his support with the Raman measurements at the GSI, and Pascal Schouwink for the technical assistance on the Huber diffractometer. Financial support within the scope of the BMBF-Verbundprojekt “Ioneninduzierte Strukturumbildung” (grant 05KK7VH1) is acknowledged. Finally, we thank the two reviewers for their valuable suggestions and great effort, which significantly improved the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Miletich
    • 1
  • K. S. Scheidl
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Schmitt
    • 2
    • 7
  • A. P. Moissl
    • 2
    • 8
  • T. Pippinger
    • 1
  • G. D. Gatta
    • 3
  • B. Schuster
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 9
  • C. Trautmann
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Institut für Mineralogie und KristallographieUniversität WienViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institut für GeowissenschaftenUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversitá degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  4. 4.GSI Helmholtzzentrum für SchwerionenforschungDarmstadtGermany
  5. 5.Material- und GeowissenschaftenTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  6. 6.Institut für FestkörperphysikTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  7. 7.Institut für Allgemeine, Anorganische und Theoretische ChemieUniversität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  8. 8.Institut für Angewandte GeowissenschaftenTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  9. 9.Areva GmbHErlangenGermany

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