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Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 393–401 | Cite as

Observations on the crystal structures of lueshite

  • Roger H. MitchellEmail author
  • Peter C. Burns
  • Kevin S. Knight
  • Christopher J. Howard
  • Anton R. Chakhmouradian
Original Paper

Abstract

Laboratory powder XRD patterns of the perovskite-group mineral lueshite from the type locality (Lueshe, Kivu, DRC) and pure NaNbO3 demonstrate that lueshite does not adopt the same space group (Pbma; #57) as the synthetic compound. The crystal structures of lueshite (2 samples) from Lueshe, Mont Saint-Hilaire (Quebec, Canada) and Sallanlatvi (Kola, Russia) have been determined by single-crystal CCD X-ray diffraction. These room temperature X-ray data for all single-crystal samples can be satisfactorily refined in the orthorhombic space group Pbnm (#62). Cell dimensions, atomic coordinates of the atoms, bond lengths and octahedron tilt angles are given for four crystals. Conventional neutron diffraction patterns for Lueshe lueshite recorded over the temperature range 11–1,000 K confirm that lueshite does not adopt space group Pbma within these temperatures. Neutron diffraction indicates no phase changes on cooling from room temperature to 11 K. None of these neutron diffraction data give satisfactorily refinements but suggest that this is the space group Pbnm. Time-of-flight neutron diffraction patterns for Lueshe lueshite recorded from room temperature to 700 °C demonstrate phase transitions above 550 °C from Cmcm through P4/mbm to \(Pm\overline{3} m\) above 650 °C. Cell dimensions and atomic coordinates of the atoms are given for the three high-temperature phases. The room temperature to 400 °C structures cannot be satisfactorily resolved, and it is suggested that the lueshite at room temperature consists of domains of pinned metastable phases with orthorhombic and/or monoclinic structures. However, the sequence of high-temperature phase transitions observed is similar to those determined for synthetic NaTaO3, suggesting that the equilibrated room temperature structure of lueshite is orthorhombic Pbnm.

Keywords

Lueshite Sodium niobate Crystal structure 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Lakehead University and Almaz Petrology. We thank Anatoly  Zaitsev and Andy McDonald for samples of lueshite from Sallanlatvi and Mont St. Hilaire, respectively, Prof J. Jedwab (Brussels) is thanked for supplying the crystal of synthetic NaNbO3 prepared by Elizabeth Wood (1951).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger H. Mitchell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter C. Burns
    • 2
  • Kevin S. Knight
    • 3
  • Christopher J. Howard
    • 4
  • Anton R. Chakhmouradian
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of GeologyLakehead UniversityThunder BayCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering and Geological SciencesUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  3. 3.Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryChilton, DidcotUK
  4. 4.School of EngineeringUniversity of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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