Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 431–437 | Cite as

Formation of a solid solution in the MgSiO3–MnSiO3 perovskite system

  • Lin LiEmail author
  • Takaya Nagai
  • Tomoki Ishido
  • Satoko Motai
  • Kiyoshi Fujino
  • Shoichi Itoh
Original Paper


Experiments using laser-heated diamond anvil cells combined with synchrotron X-ray diffraction and SEM–EDS chemical analyses have confirmed the existence of a complete solid solution in the MgSiO3–MnSiO3 perovskite system at high pressure and high temperature. The (Mg, Mn)SiO3 perovskite produced is orthorhombic, and a linear relationship between the unit cell parameters of this perovskite and the proportion of MnSiO3 components incorporated seems to obey Vegard’s rule at about 50 GPa. The orthorhombic distortion, judged from the axial ratios of a/b and \( \sqrt{2}\,a/c, \)monotonically decreases from MgSiO3 to MnSiO3 perovskite at about 50 GPa. The orthorhombic distortion in (Mg0.5, Mn0.5)SiO3 perovskite is almost unchanged with increasing pressure from 30 to 50 GPa. On the other hand, that distortion in (Mg0.9, Mn0.1)SiO3 perovskite increases with pressure. (Mg, Mn)SiO3 perovskite incorporating less than 10 mol% of MnSiO3 component is quenchable. A value of the bulk modulus of 256(2) GPa with a fixed first pressure derivative of four is obtained for (Mg0.9, Mn0.1)SiO3. MnSiO3 is the first chemical component confirmed to form a complete solid solution with MgSiO3 perovskite at the PT conditions present in the lower mantle.


Solid solution MgSiO3 perovskite MnSiO3 perovskite High pressure High temperature 



We thank N. Sata, Y. Ohishi, T. Kikegawa, Y. Seto, and D. Hamane for their technical supports with the X-ray diffraction experiments. We also thank Prof. Akaogi and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments and constructive criticism. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments were performed at SPring8 (proposal no. 2005A0049-ND2b-np) and at the Photon Factory (proposal no. 2008G012, 2010G060, 2012G050). T. Nagai is partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 18340167 and MEXT KAKENHI Grant Number 20103002. S. Itoh is partly supported by MEXT KAKEHI Grand Number 20002002 and 22224010.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lin Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takaya Nagai
    • 2
  • Tomoki Ishido
    • 1
  • Satoko Motai
    • 1
  • Kiyoshi Fujino
    • 3
  • Shoichi Itoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Geodynamics Research CenterEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan

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