Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 319–330 | Cite as

Dehydration kinetics of antigorite using in situ high-temperature infrared microspectroscopy

  • Michiyo Sawai
  • Ikuo Katayama
  • Arisa Hamada
  • Makoto Maeda
  • Satoru Nakashima
Original Paper


The dehydration kinetics of serpentine was investigated using in situ high-temperature infrared microspectroscopy. The analyzed antigorite samples at room temperature show relatively sharp bands at around 3,655–3,660 cm−1 (band 1), 3,570–3,595 cm−1 (band 2), and 3,450–3,510 cm−1 (band 3). Band 1 corresponds to the Mg–OH bond, and bands 2 and 3 correspond to OH associated with the substitution of Al for Si. Isothermal kinetic heating experiments at temperatures ranging from 625 to 700 °C showed a systematic decrease of the OH band absorbance with heating duration. The one-dimensional diffusion was found to provide the best fit to the experimental data, and diffusion coefficients were determined with activation energies of 219 ± 37 kJ mol−1 for the total water band area, 245 ± 46 kJ mol−1 for band 1, 243 ± 57 kJ mol−1 for band 2, and 256 ± 53 kJ mol−1 for band 3. The results indicate that the dehydration process is controlled by one-dimensional diffusion through the tetrahedral geometry of serpentine. Fluid production rates during antigorite dehydration were calculated from kinetic data and range from 3 × 10−4 to 3 × 10−5 \( {\text{m}}_{\text{fluid}}^{ 3} \,{\text{m}}_{\text{rock}}^{ - 3} \,{\text{s}}^{ - 1} \). The rates are high enough to provoke hydraulic rupture, since the relaxation rates of rocks are much lower than these values. The results suggest that the rapid dehydration of antigorite can trigger an intermediate-depth earthquake associated with a subducting slab.


Serpentine Dehydration kinetics IR microspectroscopy Intermediate-depth earthquake 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michiyo Sawai
    • 1
  • Ikuo Katayama
    • 1
  • Arisa Hamada
    • 1
  • Makoto Maeda
    • 2
  • Satoru Nakashima
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of ScienceHiroshima UniversityHigashi HiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Technical CenterHiroshima UniversityHigashi HiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Space ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan

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