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Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 36, Issue 9, pp 489–509 | Cite as

IR calibrations for water determination in olivine, r-GeO2, and SiO2 polymorphs

  • Sylvia-Monique ThomasEmail author
  • Monika Koch-Müller
  • Patrick Reichart
  • Dieter Rhede
  • Rainer Thomas
  • Richard Wirth
  • Stanislav Matsyuk
Original Paper

Abstract

Mineral-specific IR absorption coefficients were calculated for natural and synthetic olivine, SiO2 polymorphs, and GeO2 with specific isolated OH point defects using quantitative data from independent techniques such as proton–proton scattering, confocal Raman spectroscopy, and secondary ion mass spectrometry. Moreover, we present a routine to detect OH traces in anisotropic minerals using Raman spectroscopy combined with the “Comparator Technique”. In case of olivine and the SiO2 system, it turns out that the magnitude of ε for one structure is independent of the type of OH point defect and therewith the peak position (quartz ε = 89,000 ± 15,000 \(\text{l}\,\text{mol}_{{\text{H}_2}\text{O}}^{-1}\,\text{cm}^{-2}\)), but it varies as a function of structure (coesite ε = 214,000 ± 14,000 \(\text{l}\,\text{mol}_{{\text{H}_2}\text{O}}^{-1}\,\text{cm}^{-2}\); stishovite ε = 485,000 ± 109,000 \(\text{l}\,\text{mol}_{{\text{H}_2}\text{O}}^{-1}\,\text{cm}^{-2}\)). Evaluation of data from this study confirms that not using mineral-specific IR calibrations for the OH quantification in nominally anhydrous minerals leads to inaccurate estimations of OH concentrations, which constitute the basis for modeling the Earth’s deep water cycle.

Keywords

Absorption coefficients IR spectroscopy Raman spectroscopy Pp-scattering SIMS Nominally anhydrous minerals 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank B. Wunder, G. Berger, M. Kreplin, R. Schulz, H. Steigert, U. Schade and M. Schmidt for help with the experiments, sample preparation, X-ray diffraction, and synchrotron IR measurements. C. Schmidt and W. Heinrich are thanked for helpful comments and discussions. We are grateful to W. van Westrenen, who kindly provided sample WIM04. This project was supported by the Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratorium of LMU and TU München. Reviews of M. Rieder, M. M. Hirschmann and E. Libowitzky are greatly appreciated. Finally, thanks to C. R. Bina for help with the English.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylvia-Monique Thomas
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Monika Koch-Müller
    • 1
  • Patrick Reichart
    • 3
  • Dieter Rhede
    • 1
  • Rainer Thomas
    • 1
  • Richard Wirth
    • 1
  • Stanislav Matsyuk
    • 4
  1. 1.Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Section 3.3 Chemistry and Physics of Earth MaterialsPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  3. 3.Universität der Bundeswehr MünchenNeubibergGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore FormationNational Academy of Science of UkraineKievUkraine

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