Pancreatic Solid-cystic-papillary Tumor: Clinicopathologic Features in Eight Patients from Hong Kong and Review of the Literature
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Solid-cystic-papillary tumors (SCPTs) of the pancreas are rare. The clinicopathologic features and pathogenesis of these tumors have attracted a number of investigations, but the results remain unclear. We investigated the clinicopathologic data, immunohistochemical expression of the pan-endocrine markers, hormones, steroid receptors, and p53 overexpression in pancreatic SCPTs from eight Chinese patients (seven women, one man) collected over a 24-year period. They accounted for 2.5% of the primary pancreatic tumors. The tumors were seen in young women (mean age 27 years). They were large (mean size of resected tumor was 8.4 cm), benign, had solid and cystic areas, and were evenly distributed in the pancreas. The main differential diagnosis was pancreatic endocrine tumor. The tumors were negative for pan-endocrine markers, hormones, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and p53. To date, 452 pancreatic SCPTs have been documented in the English literature. They occurred in patients of different ethnic groups, particularly in non-Caucasians. The tumors were frequently noted in young females. Uncommon cases of malignant pancreatic SCPTs were often found in older men and had indolent behavior. It was concluded that pancreatic SCPTs have distinct clinicopathologic characteristics. The present observations, together with a review of the literature suggests that overexpression of p53 or estrogen receptor is not important in the pathogenesis of pancreatic SCPTs.
KeywordsEsophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Chinese Patient Cystic Tumor Islet Cell Tumor Main Differential Diagnosis
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