Efficacy of PdB in Preventing Intraoperative Risk of Infectious Diseases
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Abstract. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the number of punctures surgeons and assistants suffer during operations involving a laparotomy during the intraabdominal and closure phases; and (2) determine if the number of puncture injuries during wound closure can be reduced using a new surgical instrument (PdB) that protects the surgeon’s hands and the patient’s viscera against needlesticks. For the first objective, all laparotomies performed during 1 month (
n = 52) were controlled, collecting the gloves used and determining the number of perforations. For the second objective, a randomized prospective controlled study, involving two series of 100 medial laparotomies, was carried out. The incidence of perforations was 29% during the intraabdominal phase and 16% during the wound closure phase. The glove perforation rate while closing medial laparotomies was 31.5% if the PdB was not used and 3% if the PdB was used ( p < 0.0001). The glove perforation rate during laparotomy is significant, but with the use of the PdB this incidence can be significantly reduced.
KeywordsInfectious Disease Wound Closure Perforation Rate Prospective Control Study Puncture Injury
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