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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 43, Issue 12, pp 3191–3197 | Cite as

Comparison Between Preoperative and Intraoperative Administration of Nefopam for Acute and Chronic Postoperative Pain in Colon Cancer Patients: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Study

  • Hyungsun Lim
  • Sehrin Kang
  • Boram Kim
  • Seonghoon KoEmail author
Original Scientific Report
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

Background

The present study was designed as a prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial to evaluate the effects of preoperatively administered nefopam on postoperative acute hyperalgesia and the long-term painful sequelae compared to intraoperative administration.

Methods

One hundred and fifty patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colectomy were enrolled. Group 1 (post-incisional nefopam) patients received saline at 30 min before skin incision followed by intraoperative administration of 20 mg nefopam at 1 h after incision. Group 2 (pre-incisional nefopam) patients were administered 20 mg nefopam before skin incision and received saline after skin incision. At postoperative 2, 6, 24, 48, and 72 h, fentanyl consumption and pain intensities at rest and during deep breathing were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS). The incidence of the long-term painful sequelae after surgery was evaluated more than one year after surgery.

Results

Cumulative fentanyl consumption during postoperative 72 h was similar between Group 1 and Group 2 (1534 ± 698 μg, 95% CI 1367–1702 μg vs. 1442 ± 721 μg, 95% CI 1266–1618 μg, P = 0.197). VAS pain scores at rest were comparable between the two groups, but VAS scores during deep breathing were significantly lower in Group 2 than in Group 1. Six and five patients complained of mild pain (pain rating 1) at the surgical site in Group 1 and 2, respectively.

Conclusions

Preoperatively administered nefopam reduced exertional pain compared to intraoperative administration although postoperative analgesic consumption was similar between two groups. It may be helpful to conduct early ambulation and deep breathing during the acute postoperative period in patients undergoing intestinal surgery.

Trial registration No: KCT0001656.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was approved by the IRB of Chonbuk National University Hospital.

Funding

This study was supported by departmental fund.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors have no conflicts of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain MedicineChonbuk National University Medical School and HospitalJeonjuRepublic of Korea

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