The Results of In Situ Prosthetic Graft Replacement for Infected Aortic Disease
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Infected aortic disease is a serious clinical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study reviewed the outcomes of in situ aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft for infected aortic disease, including primary infected abdominal aortic aneurysms (PIAAA), infected aortic prosthetic grafts (IAPG), and infected aortic stent grafts (IASG).
Twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent in situ aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft for PIAAA, IAPG, and IASG at a single center from January 2001 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographics, clinical characteristics, medical management, surgical procedure, and clinical outcomes were included.
Nineteen patients with a PIAAA, three with an IAPG following open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and six with an IASG following endovascular aortic repair underwent in situ prosthetic graft replacement with infected tissue and graft removal. In-hospital mortality was 7.1% (2/28). One died of bleeding on postoperative day 12, and the other died of hepatic failure on postoperative day 32. Of six patients with an IASG, two had major complications that were related to barb injury at the proximal aorta. The reinfection rate was 14.3% (4 of 28) during a mean follow-up of 35.7 months (1–142 months). All new grafts of three patients with IAPG were reinfected. The other patient became reinfected after surgery for PIAAA with iatrogenic small bowel perforation that was not detected during surgery.
In situ graft replacement of PIAAA and IASG is feasible with acceptable outcomes, but the outcome for IAPG is questionable.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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