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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 42, Issue 7, pp 2173–2182 | Cite as

Predicted Coronary Heart Disease Risk Decreases in Obese Patients After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

  • Cheng-Chiao Huang
  • Weu Wang
  • Ray-Jade Chen
  • Po-Li Wei
  • Ching Tzao
  • Ping-Ling ChenEmail author
Original Scientific Report

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the reduction of 6 and 12 months postoperatively of Framingham risk score in morbidly obese patients with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).

Material and methods

In total, 870 morbid obesity patients received LSG in Taipei Medical University Hospital from June 2007 to June 2014 were retrospectively studied preoperatively, 6 and 12 months after surgery. The coronary heart disease risk was calculated using Framingham risk score.

Results

The body mass index in men and women decreased from 43.3 ± 6.9, 39.2 ± 6.0 kg/m2 preoperatively to 32.9 ± 6.7, 31.0 ± 5.2 kg/m2 and to 30.4 ± 5.6 , 28.2 ± 4.7 kg/m2, respectively, at 6 and 12 months after surgery (P < 0.0001). At 6 and 12 months after LSG, there was a marked improvement on lipid profile as well as a significant decline in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, and smoking. The Framingham risk score in men and women reduced from 3.2 ± 5.7, 6.1 ± 5.7 preoperatively to 1.4 ± 5.9, 3.3 ± 5.9 and 0.1 ± 6.2, 2.8 ± 6.1, respectively, at 6 and 12 months after surgery (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is efficient not only in the reduction of obesity and its related comorbidities but also in decreasing the long-term coronary event risk. Early intervention for the high-risk group is strongly recommended.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng-Chiao Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weu Wang
    • 1
  • Ray-Jade Chen
    • 1
  • Po-Li Wei
    • 1
  • Ching Tzao
    • 1
  • Ping-Ling Chen
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryTaipei Medical University HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public HealthTaipei Medical UniversityTaipei CityTaiwan

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