Routine Virtual Ileostomy Following Restorative Proctocolectomy for Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
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Anastomotic leakage (AL) is the most feared complication in colorectal surgery. A diverting ileostomy is routinely used to prevent or reduce morbidity and mortality following AL. However, a diverting ileostomy cannot prevent AL. Besides, diverting ileostomy might be associated with relevant complications. Herein, we introduce the virtual ileostomy as an alternative to diverting ileostomy in patients undergoing restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).
Materials and methods
The results of eight patients, five females and three males with a median age of 19.5 ± 6.0 years (range 16.0–31.0 years), undergoing restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA and virtual ileostomy for FAP are presented.
All cases were laparoscopically managed. The virtual ileostomy was released between postoperative day 7 and 9. No AL was registered. Postoperative recovery was uneventful in all cases.
A diverting ileostomy was prevented via the use of virtual ileostomy in all cases. Thus, virtual ileostomy is a good alternative to diverting ileostomy in patients undergoing restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA for FAP.
Conception and Design: PCA, GM, HZ. Data acquisation/Analysis and Interpretation: PCA, HZ, GM. Drafting: PA. Critical review: PCA, HZ, GM. Final approval: GM, HZ, PCA.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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