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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 41, Issue 9, pp 2224–2230 | Cite as

Comparison of Epidemiology of the Injuries and Outcomes in Two First-Level Trauma Centers in Colombia Using the Pan-American Trauma Registry System

  • Anu Ramachandran
  • Anju Ranjit
  • Cheryl K. Zogg
  • Juan P. Herrera-Escobar
  • Jessica R. Appelson
  • Luis F. Pino
  • Michel B. Aboutanous
  • Adil H. Haider
  • Carlos A. Ordonez
Original Scientific Report

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study was to compare the epidemiology of traumatic injuries and mortality outcomes between two tertiary-care trauma centers in Colombia using data from Pan-American Trauma Registry (PATR).

Methods

January 1–December 31, 2012, data from the Hospital Universitario del Valle (HUV, public) and Fundacion Valle del Lili (FVL, private) in Cali, Colombia, were considered. Differences in demographic and clinical information were compared using descriptive statistics. Propensity score matching was used to match patients on age, gender, and ISS. Within matched cohorts, multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess for differences in in-hospital mortality, further adjusting for insurance type, employment, heart rate, presence of hypotension (SBP < 90), and GCS score.

Results

HUV (8539; 78% male) and FVL (10,456; 60% male) had a combined total of 18,995 trauma cases in 2012 with comparable mean ages of 29.7 years. There were significant differences in insurance status, injury severity, and mechanism of injury between patients at HUV and FLV. On risk-adjusted logistic regression analyses with propensity score matched cohorts, the odds of death in HUV was higher compared to patients presenting at FVL hospital (OR [95% CI]:4.93 [3.37–7.21], p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The study established the utility of the PATR and revealed important trends in patient demographics, injury epidemiology, and mortality outcomes, which can be used to target trauma initiatives throughout the region. It underscores the profound importance that differences in case mix play in the risk of trauma-related mortality, further emphasizing the need to monitor and evaluate unique aspects of trauma in LMIC.

Level of evidence

III.

Keywords

Propensity Score Glasgow Coma Scale Injury Severity Score Trauma Care Glasgow Coma Scale Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No disclosures relevant to this work.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anu Ramachandran
    • 1
  • Anju Ranjit
    • 2
  • Cheryl K. Zogg
    • 3
  • Juan P. Herrera-Escobar
    • 2
  • Jessica R. Appelson
    • 2
  • Luis F. Pino
    • 4
  • Michel B. Aboutanous
    • 5
  • Adil H. Haider
    • 2
  • Carlos A. Ordonez
    • 4
    • 6
  1. 1.Johns Hopkins School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Center for Surgery and Public Health, Brigham and Women’s HospitalHarvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.Yale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.Department of Surgery from Division of Trauma and Acute Care SurgeryHospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del ValleCaliColombia
  5. 5.Division of Acute Care Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Trauma CenterVirginia Commonwealth University Medical CenterRichmondUSA
  6. 6.Department of Surgery From Division of Trauma and Acute Care SurgeryFundación Valle del LiliCaliColombia

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