Muscle Steatosis is an Independent Predictor of Postoperative Complications in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma
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Skeletal muscle depletion, referred to as sarcopenia, has been shown to be an independent predictor of lower disease-free and overall survivals in various kinds of diseases. The quality of skeletal muscle has recently attracted much attention as a new parameter of sarcopenia, but its impact on surgical complications is still unknown.
A retrospective analysis of 492 patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in our institution between April 2005 and December 2014 was performed. The quality of skeletal muscle was evaluated by intramuscular adipose tissue content (IMAC) using preoperative CT imaging at the umbilical level. The impact of sarcopenia on postoperative complications and the predictors of surgical complications after hepatectomy for HCC were analyzed.
Patients with high IMAC were older and had higher body mass index, higher indocyanine green retention test at 15 min, and more operative blood loss. Among 492 patients, 108 (22 %) patients had major postoperative complications (Clavien grade ≥ III), and infectious complications were found in 74 (15 %) patients. Twelve (2 %) patients died from postoperative complications. On multivariate analysis, preoperative high IMAC was an independent risk factor for increased major postoperative complications [odds ratio (OR) 1.580; P = 0.049] and infectious complications (OR 1.903; P = 0.021).
Preoperative muscle steatosis evaluated with IMAC was closely correlated with increased postoperative complications, especially infectious complications. The preoperative nutritional intervention and rehabilitation might lead to the improvement of postoperative outcomes after hepatectomy for HCC.
KeywordsPostoperative Complication Infectious Complication Operative Blood Loss Major Postoperative Complication Clavien Grade
No financial support was received from any source for this study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors of this manuscript have no conflicts of interest.
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