Minimally Invasive Distal Pancreatectomy for Cancer: Short-Term Oncologic Outcomes in 1733 Patients
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Data from high-volume institutions suggest that minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) provides favorable perioperative outcomes and adequate oncologic resection for pancreatic cancer; however, these outcomes may not be generalizable. This study examines patterns of use and short-term outcomes from MIDP (laparoscopic or robotic) versus open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the United States.
Adult patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy were identified from the National Cancer Database, 2010–2011. Multivariable modeling was applied to compare short-term outcomes from MIDP versus ODP for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
1733 patients met inclusion criteria: 535 (31 %) had MIDP and 1198 (69 %) ODP. Use of MIDP increased 43 % between 2010 and 2011; the conversion rate from MIDP to ODP was 23 %. MIDP cases were performed at 215 hospitals, with 85 % of hospitals performing <10 cases overall. After adjustment, pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients undergoing MIDP versus ODP had a similar likelihood of complete resection (OR 1.48, p = 0.10), number of lymph nodes removed (RR 1.01, p = 0.91), and 30-day readmission rate (OR 1.02, p = 0.96); however, length of stay was shorter (RR 0.84, p < 0.01).
Use of MIDP for cancer is increasing, with most centers performing a low volume of these procedures. Use of MIDP for body and tail pancreatic adenocarcinoma appears to have short-term outcomes that are similar to those of open procedures with the benefit of a shorter hospital stay. Larger studies with longer follow-up are needed.
KeywordsPancreatic Adenocarcinoma Pancreatic Fistula Distal Pancreatectomy Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy Complete Tumor Resection
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest. The data used in the study are derived from a de-identified NCDB file. The American College of Surgeons and the Commission on Cancer have not verified and are not responsible for the analytic or statistical methodology employed, or the conclusions drawn from these data by the investigators.
- 15.American College of Surgeons: Cancer Programs. Cancer Data & Statistics. https://www.facs.org/quality-programs/cancer/ncdb. Accessed 1 Feb 2015
- 21.National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology: pancreatic adenocarcinoma. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/pancreatic.pdf. Accessed 1 Feb 2015