Role of Pre-operative Multiple Gated Acquisition Scanning in Predicting Long-Term Outcome in Patients Undergoing Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
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To determine whether resting pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) estimated by multiple gated acquisition scanning (MUGA) predicts long-term survival in patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair.
A retrospective study of MUGA scans which were performed to estimate pre-operative resting LVEF in 127 patients [106 (83 %) males, mean age 74 ± 7.6 years] who underwent elective AAA repair over a period of 4 years from March 2007. We compared outcomes and long-term survival between patients who had a pre-operative LVEF ≤ 40 % (Group 1, n = 60) and LVEF > 40 % (Group 2, n = 67).
Overall 19 (15 %) patients died during the follow-up period (13 patients in group 1 and 6 patients in group 2). 30-day mortality was 8 %. There was no significant difference between group 1 and 2 in terms of patients’ mean age or median length of hospital stay (8 days for both groups, p = 0.61). However, group 2 had more females than group 1(18 vs. 3, p = 0.001). Median survival for patients in group 2 was significantly higher than patients in group 1 (1,258 days vs. 1,000 days, p = 0.03). In a Cox regression model which included age, sex, smoking status and LVEF as covariates, only smoking status and LVEF predicted survival [Hazard ratio (HR) = 1.06, p = 0.04 and HR = 0.93, p = 0.00, respectively].
This study shows that there is a role for pre-operative MUGA scan assessment of resting LVEF in predicting long-term survival post elective AAA repair and that the lower the pre-operative LVEF the poorer the long-term outcome.