Microsatellite Instability Is Associated With a Better Prognosis for Gastric Cancer Patients After Curative Surgery
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is one of the leading mechanisms for the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. Its prognostic value is controversial.
Between May 1988 and Oct 2003, a total of 214 gastric cancer patients undergoing curative surgery were enrolled, and their MSI statuses were classified as MSI-H (high) or MSI-L/S (low/stable). The clinicopathologic characteristics of MSI-H and MSI-L/S gastric cancers were compared.
The MSI-H tumors accounted for 11.7 % (n = 25) of the 214 total gastric cancers. Although not statistically significant, the MSI-H gastric cancers were more frequently located in the lower third of the stomach (64 % vs. 49.2 %) and were more often the intestinal type (72 % vs. 61.4 %) compared to the MSI-L/S gastric cancers. The MSI-H gastric cancers had a significantly better 5-year overall survival (OS) rate (68 % vs. 47.6 %, p = 0.030) and a trend of a better 3-year disease-free survival rate (71.8 % vs. 55.2 %, p = 0.076) compared to the MSI-L/S gastric cancers. A multivariate analysis revealed that pathologic TNM stage and MSI status were the independent prognostic factors for OS after curative surgery.
Compared to MSI-L/S tumors, MSI-H tumors are associated with a better OS rate for gastric cancer patients after R0 resection.
KeywordsGastric Cancer Overall Survival Gastric Cancer Patient hMLH1 Protein Expression Bormann Type
This research was supported by the Center of Excellence for Cancer Research at Taipei Veterans General Hospital (DOH101-TD-C-111-007) and funding from the National Science Council (99-2314-B-075-009).
Conflict of interest
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