World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 35, Issue 7, pp 1422–1427 | Cite as

Cholecystectomy: From Langenbuch to Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery

  • Nathaniel J. Soper


Gallstones have led to pain and complications in humankind for millennia. Beginning in the 1880s, cholecystectomy, performed through a sizable abdominal incision, was the treatment of choice for symptomatic cholelithiasis. During the late 1980s pioneering surgeons first used laparoscopic techniques to remove the gallbladder. Although initially associated with a significantly increased rate of bile duct injury, the clinical advantages of laparoscopy compared to open operation became readily apparent, ushering in the “laparoscopic revolution.” More recently, attempts at rendering cholecystectomy even less invasive—smaller or fewer incisions or eliminating abdominal incisions altogether—have been described, with limited clinical series reported. At the current time, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for gallbladder removal, and any newer techniques must be demonstrated to result in superior outcomes for widespread adoption.


Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Acute Cholecystitis Bile Duct Injury Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Open Cholecystectomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA

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