Comparing Hepatic Resection and Transarterial Chemoembolization for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) Stage B Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Change for Treatment of Choice?
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Compared to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), stage B in the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification, the role of hepatic resection remains unclear. The present study compared the long-term outcome of hepatic resection with TACE in the treatment of BCLC stage B HCC.
A total of 171 patients with BCLC stage B, Child’s classification A (Child A), HCC were included in this retrospective study. Of these, 93 patients underwent hepatic resection (group I) and 73 patients received TACE (group II). We evaluated the long-term outcome and therapy-related mortality in both groups. The risk factors of mortality were assessed. The survival curve was analyzed by the Kaplan–Meier method.
The 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival rates for the two groups after hepatic resection and TACE were 83%, 62%, 49% and 39%, 5%, 2%, respectively (P < 0.0001). We did not observe significant differences in the therapy-related mortality between the two groups (P = 0.78). Treatment modality and serum albumin level were independent risk factors for survival by Cox regression analysis.
Our study demonstrated that hepatic resection for BCLC stage B, Child A HCC patients had better survival rates than TACE group. Thus, hepatic resection is indicated in selected patients with BCLC stage B.
KeywordsTace Hepatic Resection Serum Albumin Level Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Transarterial Chemoembolization
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