Effects of Low Central Venous Pressure During Preanhepatic Phase on Blood Loss and Liver and Renal Function in Liver Transplantation
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Although the low central venous pressure (LCVP) technique is used to decrease blood loss during liver resection, its efficacy and safety during transplant procedures are still debatable. Our study aimed to assess the effects of this technique and its clinical safety for recipients undergoing liver transplantation.
Eighty-six adult patients were randomly divided into a LCVP group and a control group. In the LCVP group, CVP was maintained below 5 mmHg or 40% lower than baseline during the preanhepatic phase by limiting infusion volume, manipulating the patient’s posture, and administration of somatostatin and nitroglycerine. Recipients in the control group received standard care. Hemodynamics, blood loss, liver function, and renal function of the two groups were compared perioperatively.
A lower CVP was maintained in the LCVP group during the preanhepatic phase, resulting in a significant decrease in blood loss (1922 ± 1429 vs. 3111 ± 1833 ml, P < 0.05) and transfusion volume (1200 ± 800 vs. 2400 ± 1200 ml, P < 0.05) intraoperatively. Compared with the control group, the LCVP group had a significantly lower mean arterial pressure at 2 h after the start of the operation (74 ± 11 vs. 84 ± 14 mmHg, P < 0.05), a lower lactate value at the end of the operation (5.9 ± 3.0 vs. 7.2 ± 3.0 mmol/l, P < 0.05), and a better preservation of liver function after the declamping of the portal vein. There were no significant differences in perioperative renal function and postoperative complications between the groups.
The LCVP technique during the preanhepatic phase reduced intraoperative blood loss, protected liver function, and had no detrimental effects on renal function in LT.
KeywordsLiver Transplantation Mean Arterial Pressure Central Venous Pressure Fresh Freeze Plasma Live Donor Liver Transplant
Blood urea nitrogen
Central venous pressure
Oxygen delivery index
Fresh frozen plasma
International normalized ratio
Low central venous pressure
Living donor liver transplantation
Mean arterial pressure
Model for end-stage liver disease
Multiple-organ dysfunction syndromes
Pulmonary arterial wedge pressure
Portal vein pressure
Red blood cell
Oxygen consumption index
This study was supported by grants from the National Science and Technology (S & T) major project, China (2008ZX10002-026), and the Science and Technology Bureau of Zhejiang Province, China (2009C33091).
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