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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 721–727 | Cite as

Peritoneal Infusion with Cold Saline Decreased Postoperative Intra-Abdominal Adhesion Formation

  • Cheng-Chung Fang
  • Tzung-Hsin Chou
  • Geng-Shiau Lin
  • Zui-Shen Yen
  • Chien-Chang Lee
  • Shyr-Chyr ChenEmail author
Article

Abstract

Background

Postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion is a common morbidity after laparotomy. We try to determine whether peritoneal infusion with cold saline may decrease postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation.

Methods

Ninety-six male BALB/c mice weighing 25-30 g were randomized into four groups: (I) adhesion model with infusion of 4°C cold saline, (II) adhesion model with infusion of room temperature saline, (III) adhesion model without infusion of saline, and (IV) sham operation without infusion of saline. Adhesion scores, incidence of adhesion, and serum cytokines were measured at postoperative days 1, 3, 7, and 14.

Results

Group I had lower adhesion scores than groups II and III (P < 0.0001). IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α were significantly increased in the groups I, II, and III compared to group IV (P < 0.0001). IL-6 in group I was significantly decreased compared to that in group III (P < 0.0004). IL-10 in group I was significantly increased compared to that in groups II (P < 0.0001) and III (P < 0.05). TNF-α in group I was significantly decreased compared to that in groups II (P < 0.0004), and III (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

Peritoneal infusion with cold saline may decrease the degree of postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation.

Keywords

Nimesulide Adhesion Formation Cold Saline Adhesion Score Adhesion Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study was partly supported by the National Science Council Grant NSC 93-2314-B-002-260.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng-Chung Fang
    • 1
  • Tzung-Hsin Chou
    • 1
  • Geng-Shiau Lin
    • 1
  • Zui-Shen Yen
    • 1
  • Chien-Chang Lee
    • 1
  • Shyr-Chyr Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineNational Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of MedicineTaipeiTaiwan

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