Prospective Study of Routine Day-Case Laparoscopic Modified Lind Partial Fundoplication
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The aim of the present study was to prospectively assess the feasibility, safety, and acceptability of performing day-case laparoscopic modified Lind fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease on a routine basis and to determine possible implications for health care costs to the hospital.
All patients undergoing laparoscopic fundoplication between November 2005 and November 2007 under the care of one surgeon were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade I and II with adequate home support. The surgical procedure was laparoscopic modified Lind fundoplication in all the cases. Patients were reviewed in the clinic at 6 weeks and were subsequently assessed through a structured postal questionnaire at a median of 1 year.
Over the 25-month period, a total of 130 laparoscopic modified Lind fundoplications were performed, of which 103 (79.2%) met the inclusion criteria for day-case surgery. The patients were 16 to 75 years of age. Ninety (87.4%) were discharged on the same day as planned, and 11 patients were admitted overnight because of nausea. At clinic follow-up at a median of 6 weeks all patients expressed satisfaction and were reflux free. There was a significant reduction of mean modified Visick score and visual analog scale for reflux at a median of 1 year after surgery.
Routine day-case laparoscopic modified Lind fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease is safe and well tolerated, with high levels of patient satisfaction and reduced costs to the hospital. Patients with ASA grade >2 and redo antireflux surgery should not be considered for day-case surgery. Hospital readmission was required in less than 3% of patients after discharge home, but those readmissions were not related to early discharge on the same day of surgery.
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