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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 841–845 | Cite as

Neuropathy After Herniorrhaphy: Indication for Surgical Treatment and Outcome

  • Henri Vuilleumier
  • Martin Hübner
  • Nicolas Demartines
Article

Abstract

Background

Chronic neuropathy after hernia repair is a neglected problem as very few patients are referred for surgical treatment. The aim of the present study was to assess the outcome of standardized surgical revision for neuropathic pain after hernia repair.

Methods

In a prospective cohort study we evaluated all patients admitted to our tertiary referral center for surgical treatment of persistent neuropathic pain after primary herniorrhaphy between 2001 and 2006. Diagnosis of neuropathic pain was based on clinical findings and a positive Tinel’s sign. Postoperative pain was evaluated by a visual analogue scale (VAS) and a pain questionnaire up to 12 months after revision surgery.

Results

Forty-three consecutive patients (39 male, median age 35 years) underwent surgical revision, mesh removal, and radical neurectomy. The median operative time was 58 min (range: 45–95 min). Histological examination revealed nerve entrapment, complete transection, or traumatic neuroma in all patients. The ilioinguinal nerve was affected in 35 patients (81%); the iliohypogastric nerve, in 10 patients (23%). Overall pain (median VAS) decreased permanently after surgery within a follow-up period of 12 months (preoperative 74 [range: 53–87] months versus 0 [range: 0–34] months; p < 0.0001).

Conclusions

The results of this cohort study suggest that surgical mesh removal with ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric neurectomy is a successful treatment in patients with neuropathic pain after hernia repair.

Keywords

Neuropathic Pain Hernia Repair Inguinal Hernia Repair Nociceptive Pain Internal Inguinal Ring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Rachel Rosenthal for editorial advice and Marc Grand D’Hautville for providing Fig. 1.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henri Vuilleumier
    • 1
  • Martin Hübner
    • 1
  • Nicolas Demartines
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Visceral Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universtaire Vaudois (CHUV)University HospitalLausanneSwitzerland

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