World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 2324–2326 | Cite as

Vincent Alexander Bochdalek (1801–1883)

  • Marios LoukasEmail author
  • Abraham El-Sedfy
  • R. Shane Tubbs
  • Walter B. Gribben
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
  • Andrea Cermakova


Vincent Alexander Bochdalek, Czech anatomist and professor, was one of the pioneers in describing congenital diaphragmatic hernias in newborns. Interestingly, there is very little in the literature and almost nothing in the English literature regarding this important medical figure. A dedicated individual, Bochdalek had great perseverance, which allowed him to surpass obstacles in both his personal life and career. He is recognized for his accurate description of posterior diaphragmatic herniation, for which during his lifetime, there was no treatment. In addition, Bochdalek has multiple eponyms in his honor: ganglion Bochdalecki, Bochdalek’s basket, and the valves of Bochdalek. Always steadfast in his beliefs, Bochdalek fought for the creation of anatomy labs in Prague against society pressures. His devoted study of anatomy, especially of congenital diaphragmatic hernias, laid the foundation for the successful surgical correction of this once lethal anomaly.


Rabies Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Mucous Membrane Fold Societal Stigma Diaphragmatic Herniation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank Dr. Bodo Baumgartner for the translation of the German manuscripts.


  1. 1.
    Stylopoulos N, Rattner DW (2005) The history of hiatal hernia surgery. From Bowditch to laparoscopy. Ann Surg 241:185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kops J (1975) Doktor Vincenc Bochdalek [Vincenc Bochdalek, MD]. Zdrav Prac 25:44PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Haller JA Jr (1986) Professor Bochdalek and his hernia: then and now. Prog Pediatr Surg 20:252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Matousek O (1952) Vincenc Alex. Bochdalek, první professor pathologické anatomie v Praze [Vincenc Alex. Bochdalek, first professor of pathological anatomy in Prague]. Cas Lek Cesk 91:407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wondrak E (1983) Český anatom a patolog V.A. Bochdalek. 100 let od smrti [The Czech anatomist and pathologist V.A. Bochdalek. 100 year since his death]. Cas Lek Cesk 122:1334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bochdalek VA (1833) Anleitung zur praktischen Zergliederung des menschlichen Gehirnes, nebst einer anatomischen Beschreibung desselben; mit besonderer R?ht auf das kleine Gehirn. Haase, PragueGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bochdalek VA (1848) Einige Betrachtungen ?ie Entstehung des angeborenen Zwerchfellbruches. Als Beitrag zur pathologischen Anatomie der Hernien. Vierteljahrschrift f? Praktische Heilkunde 19:89–97Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bochdalek VA (1860) Ueber das Verhalten des Mediastinums zur vorderen Brustwand, zu den Lungen, zum Herzen und Herzbeutel. Vierteljahrschrift f? Praktische Heilkunde 65:3–54Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bochdalek VA (1858) Beschreibung einer sehr merkwürdigen Abweichung der Lungenvenen [Description of a highly remarkable deviation of the pulmonary veins in a boy of four days, who died from peritonitis]. Prager Viert iv:160Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bochdalek VA (1860) On the relation of the mediastinum to the anterior thoracic wall, the lungs, the heart and pericardium. Vierteljahrsschrift, PragerGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marios Loukas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abraham El-Sedfy
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 3
  • Walter B. Gribben
    • 4
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 5
  • Andrea Cermakova
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomical SciencesSt George’s University, School of MedicineGrenadaWest Indies
  2. 2.Windward Islands Research and Education FoundationSt George’s UniversityGrenadaWest Indies
  3. 3.Section of Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s HospitalBirminghamUSA
  4. 4.University of Alabama at Birmingham School of MedicineBirminghamUSA
  5. 5.Tuberculosis and Lung Disease InstituteTabriz Medical UniversityTabrizIran

Personalised recommendations