World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 31, Issue 11, pp 2117–2124 | Cite as

Emergency Left Colon Resection for Acute Perforation. Primary Anastomosis or Hartmann’s Procedure? A Case-matched Control Study

  • Stefan Breitenstein
  • Armin Kraus
  • Dieter Hahnloser
  • Marco Decurtins
  • Pierre-Alain Clavien
  • Nicolas Demartines



The optimal treatment remains controversial for acute left-sided colon perforation. Therefore, the effectiveness and safety of primary anastomosis versus Hartmann’s operation (HP) was compared in a case-matched control study.


Thirty consecutive patients with primary anastomosis and protective ileostomy (PAS) were matched to 30 HP patients, controlling for age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, body mass index (BMI), and peritonitis severity (Hinchey). In a second analysis, PAS patients with purulent peritonitis (Hinchey 3) were matched to patients with primary anastomosis without ileostomy (PA).


Hospital mortality was similar between HP (17%) and PAS (10%). Complication frequency and severity (requiring re-intervention or admission to the Intensive Care Unit [ICU]) were comparable for the first operation (60% versus 56% and 30% versus 32%). The stoma reversal rate was higher in PAS than in HP (96% versus 60%, p = 0.001), with significantly fewer complications (23% versus 66%, p = 0.02), and lower severity (7% versus 33%, p = 0.02). Additional analysis of PAS versus PA showed similar morbidity (52% versus 41%, p = 0.45) and complication severity (18% versus 24%, p = 0.51), whereas overall operation time and hospital stay were significantly shorter in PA (169 versus 320 min, p = 0.003, 17 versus 28 days, p < 0.001).


Primary anastomosis and protective ileostomy is a superior treatment to HP in acute left-sided colon perforation. In the absence of feculent peritonitis an ileostomy appears unnecessary.


Peritonitis Diverticulitis Primary Anastomosis Ileostomy Closure Feculent Peritonitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank Burkhart Seifert from the Institute of Biostatistics, University of Zurich, Switzerland, for his consultation.


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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Breitenstein
    • 1
  • Armin Kraus
    • 1
  • Dieter Hahnloser
    • 1
  • Marco Decurtins
    • 2
  • Pierre-Alain Clavien
    • 1
  • Nicolas Demartines
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Visceral and Transplantation SurgeryUniversity HospitalZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryKantonsspital WinterthurWinterthurSwitzerland

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