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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 273–279 | Cite as

Popliteal Venous Aneurysm—A Systematic Review

  • David BergqvistEmail author
  • Martin Björck
  • Christer Ljungman
ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Abstract

Background

Popliteal vein aneurysm is a rare but potentially problematic disease with a risk of pulmonary embolism.

Method

A systematic literature search was performed.

Results

A total of 105 popliteal vein aneurysms were identified, with a slight female and left-sided preponderance. Dominating symptoms are caused by pulmonary embolism, followed by local symptoms with a palpable mass. In four patients arterial symptoms were reported. The most frequently used diagnostic test was phlebography, increasingly replaced by duplex ultrasonography in recent years. Because pulmonary embolism is a potential, it motivates surgical removal. In most cases excision and lateral suture is possible. Four fatal cases were reported. Unfortunately follow-up time and results are poorly documented.

Conclusion

Popliteal venous aneurysm is rare but should be considered as a local source of pulmonary embolism when no other explanation is found.

Keywords

Pulmonary Embolism Duplex Ultrasonography Popliteal Fossa Popliteal Vein Venous Aneurysm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Bergqvist
    • 1
    Email author
  • Martin Björck
    • 1
  • Christer Ljungman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of SurgeryUniversity HospitalSweden

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