World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 273–279

Popliteal Venous Aneurysm—A Systematic Review

  • David Bergqvist
  • Martin Björck
  • Christer Ljungman
ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Abstract

Background

Popliteal vein aneurysm is a rare but potentially problematic disease with a risk of pulmonary embolism.

Method

A systematic literature search was performed.

Results

A total of 105 popliteal vein aneurysms were identified, with a slight female and left-sided preponderance. Dominating symptoms are caused by pulmonary embolism, followed by local symptoms with a palpable mass. In four patients arterial symptoms were reported. The most frequently used diagnostic test was phlebography, increasingly replaced by duplex ultrasonography in recent years. Because pulmonary embolism is a potential, it motivates surgical removal. In most cases excision and lateral suture is possible. Four fatal cases were reported. Unfortunately follow-up time and results are poorly documented.

Conclusion

Popliteal venous aneurysm is rare but should be considered as a local source of pulmonary embolism when no other explanation is found.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Bergqvist
    • 1
  • Martin Björck
    • 1
  • Christer Ljungman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of SurgeryUniversity HospitalSweden

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