World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 30, Issue 7, pp 1211–1215 | Cite as

Respiratory Function after Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy—An Index of Minimally Invasive Surgery

  • Shinya Tanimura
  • Masayuki Higashino
  • Yosuke Fukunaga
  • Satoru Kishida
  • Akihito Ogata
  • Yushi Fujiwara
  • Harushi Osugi
Article

Abstract

Background

As the techniques of laparoscopic surgery have improved, various institutions have performed laparoscopic gastrectomies with regional lymph node dissection, as well as open surgery. Although alleviation of postoperative pain and prompt recovery have been reported in the literature, objective indexes of the minimal invasiveness of laparoscopic procedures are as yet very few.

Methods

We performed distal gastrectomy with regional lymph node dissection for gastric cancer patients using three kinds of procedures, namely, open gastrectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS), and totally laparoscopic gastrectomy. Ablation of the stomach, lymph node dissection, and reconstruction of the digestive tract were all carried out intracorporeally with or without HALS in the laparoscopic procedures. The ordinary respiratory function test was performed pre- and postoperatively for 50 patients operated on by each procedure, and the reduced percentages of the measured values were calculated.

Results

Postoperative respiratory function was consistently excellent, with minimal loss of vital capacity and forced expiratory volume per second in the totally laparoscopic group compared to HALS or open cases.

Conclusions

Although it may be a complicated technique, totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is considered a minimally invasive procedure for gastric cancer from the viewpoint of postoperative respiratory function.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinya Tanimura
    • 1
  • Masayuki Higashino
    • 1
  • Yosuke Fukunaga
    • 1
  • Satoru Kishida
    • 1
  • Akihito Ogata
    • 1
  • Yushi Fujiwara
    • 1
  • Harushi Osugi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterological SurgeryOsaka City General HospitalOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Gastroenterological SurgeryOsaka City University, School of MedicineAbeno-kuJapan

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