Liver metastasis of breast cancer is considered a generalized disease, and surgical treatment is rarely discussed. Thirty-four patients who underwent 35 hepatectomies for liver metastases of breast cancer between 1985 and 2003 were analyzed. The median interval between the breast surgery and relapse in the liver was 1.9 years (0–20 years). The liver was the first site of recurrence in 25 patients. Fifteen clinicopathologic factors were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses to predict survival after hepatic resection. No patients died because of the surgery. The median survival was 36 months (1 month to 20 years). The overall and disease-free 5-year survival rates after hepatectomy for breast metastases were 21% and 16%, respectively. Four patients survived more than 5 years. The presence of extrahepatic recurrence prior to hepatectomy was the only significant prognostic factor according to the analyses, and the 5-year survival rate of patients without extrahepatic disease was 31%. No patient who had hilar lymph node metastasis survived more than 5 years. In the absence of extrahepatic recurrence, surgical resection of liver metastasis from breast cancer can offer an acceptable prognosis and should not be avoided in selected patients.
Breast Cancer Liver Metastasis Hepatic Resection Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Radical Mastectomy
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This work was supported in part by a grant-in-aid for scientific research from the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture and from the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Japan.
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