World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 29, Supplement 1, pp S80–S84 | Cite as

Hugh Williamson, M.D., LL.D. (1735–1819): Soldier, Surgeon, and Founding Father

  • Mary Jane Kagarise
  • George F. SheldonEmail author

Service to country has been a hallmark of the United States military since the founding of the Republic. Uniquely American is the principle of subordination of military to civilian authority. George Washington, the “father” of our country, embodied this principle first and best when he stepped out of his Commander-in-Chief role to undertake civilian leadership as our first president. Subsequently, Presidents Dwight David Eisenhower, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, and George Herbert Walker Bush, as well as other prominent statesmen, affirmed the pattern by exemplifying postmilitary service to country as civilians.

Our honoree, Norman Rich, M.D., is of the same mold. His military service was in Vietnam where he founded the Vietnam Vascular Registry, a contribution of continued usefulness. Leaving the military in 1980, he answered the call to be part of the founding of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS). He has guided the USUHS Department of Surgery and the school...


Smallpox American Philosophical Society Federal Constitution Dismal Swamp Constitutional Convention 
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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryThe University of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryThe University of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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