World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 1295–1299 | Cite as

Role of Preoperative Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization for Resectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Relation between Postoperative Course and the Pattern of Tumor Recurrence

  • Hiroyuki Sugo
  • Shunji Futagawa
  • Tomoe Beppu
  • Masaki Fukasawa
  • Kuniaki Kojima
Original Scientific Reports


The effects of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) were retrospectively evaluated in patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A total of 227 patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC were studied (146 underwent preoperative TACE and 81 did not). We compared operative outcome, mortality, and disease-free survival between TACE and non-TACE groups. We also compared the pattern of recurrence and postrecurrence survival between subgroups according to staging. Of the 227 patients, 105 with tumor stage I-II were assigned to group A (group A/TACE, n = 69; group A/non-TACE, n = 36), and the remaining 122 with tumor stage III-IV were assigned to group B (group B/TACE, n =77; group B/non-TACE, n =45). Complete necrosis was found to be more frequent in the TACE group (p < 0.01). Operating time, blood loss, and mortality did not differ between those who did and did not undergo preoperative TACE. TACE did not significantly improve disease-free survival within either the entire TACE group or group A/TACE. In contrast, in group B/TACE the disease-free survival rates were significantly higher than in group B/non-TACE. Furthermore, both extrahepatic metastasis and diffuse intrahepatic metastasis were significantly more frequent in group B/non-TACE than in group B/TACE. The preoperative TACE also improved the postrecurrence survival in group B. We speculate that preoperative TACE reduced tumor recurrence and that it might confer a survival advantage after surgery, particularly in patients with advanced HCC. In addition, it is expected that this procedure may improve the pattern of tumor recurrence when it does occur.


Tace Extrahepatic Metastasis Complete Necrosis Tace Group Postrecurrence Survival 
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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroyuki Sugo
    • 1
  • Shunji Futagawa
    • 1
  • Tomoe Beppu
    • 1
  • Masaki Fukasawa
    • 1
  • Kuniaki Kojima
    • 1
  1. 1.Second Department of SurgeryJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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