Resection of Noncolorectal and Nonneuroendocrine Liver Metastases: Late Metastases Are the Only Chance of Cure
Resection of liver colorectal metastases allows a 5-year survival in 25% to 35% of patients. The outcome of patients with noncolorectal metastases is unknown because of the heterogeneity of this group. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate predictive factors of survival in patients who underwent resection of noncolorectal and nonneuroendocrine (NCRNE) liver metastases. From 1980 to 1997, 284 patients underwent hepatectomy for liver metastases of whom 39 (25 men and 14 women, mean age 55 years) had curative resection for NCRNE liver metastases. No patients had extrahepatic disease. The primary tumors were gastrointestinal (n = 15), genitourinary (n = 12) and miscellaneous (n = 12). The mean number of metastases was 1.8, and the mean size of the lesions was 51 mm. The median disease-free interval was 27 months. Twenty patients had a major hepatectomy and 19 a minor resection, with simultaneous resection of the primary in 6 cases. Overall survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. There was no operative mortality, and 8% morbidity. The survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 81, 40, and 35%, respectively. Patients with a disease-free interval higher than 24 months had a greater survival rate than those with a disease-free interval of less than 24 months (100% vs. 10%; p = 0.0004). Survival was not significantly influenced by age, sex, type of primary tumor, number, size and localization of metastases, type of hepatectomy, or blood transfusion. Resection of NCRNE liver metastases should be justified for patients without extrahepatic disease and resectable metastases, especially for those who have a disease-free interval of more than 24 months.
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