Environmental Management

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 595–605 | Cite as

Using Multicriteria Methods in Environmental Planning and Management

  • Risto Lahdelma
  • Pekka Salminen
  • Joonas Hokkanen


In environmental planning and decision processes several alternatives are analyzed in terms of multiple noncommensurate criteria, and many different stakeholders with conflicting preferences are involved. Based on our experience in real-life applications, we discuss how multicriteria decision aid (MCDA) methods can be used successfully in such processes. MCDA methods support these processes by providing a framework for collecting, storing, and processing all relevant information, thus making the decision process traceable and transparent. It is therefore possible to understand and explain why, under several conflicting preferences, a particular decision was made. The MCDA framework also makes the requirements for new information explicit, thus supporting the allocation of resources for the process.

KEY WORDS: Environmental planning; Multicriteria decision making; Group decision making 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Risto Lahdelma
    • 1
  • Pekka Salminen
    • 2
  • Joonas Hokkanen
    • 3
  1. 1.VTT Energy, Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1606, FIN-02044 VTT, FinlandFI
  2. 2.School of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351 Jyväskylä, FinlandFI
  3. 3.Paavo Ristola Ltd., Väinönkatu 6, FIN-40100 Jyväskylä, FinlandFI

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