Environmental Management

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 299–315 | Cite as

Evaluating and Managing Cumulative Effects: Process and Constraints

  • Lee H.  MacDonald

Since any proposed activity could contribute to a wide range of potential CEs at different spatial and temporal scales, a tiered or nested approach should be followed to assess CEs. The difficulty of assessing and predicting CEs also suggests that in many cases the most efficient approach is to focus on minimizing on-site impacts. Under some circumstances adaptive management can also be a viable alternative to detailed CE assessments. Regular monitoring and feedback is critical to the successful management and regulation of CEs.

KEY WORDS: Cumulative effects; Environmental impact assessment; Scale considerations; Adaptive management 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee H.  MacDonald
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth Resources, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1482, USA US

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