Advertisement

Environmental Management

, Volume 63, Issue 1, pp 148–158 | Cite as

Removal of Acidity and Metals from Acid Mine Drainage-Impacted Water using Industrial Byproducts

  • Abhishek RoyChowdhury
  • Dibyendu SarkarEmail author
  • Rupali Datta
Article

Abstract

One of the biggest environmental impacts of mining is the generation of acid mine drainage (AMD). In the absence of proper post-mining management practices, AMD pollution can cause massive environmental damage. Current AMD management practices often fail to meet the expectations of cost, efficiency, and sustainability. The objective of this study was to utilize the metal-binding and acid-neutralizing capacity of an industrial by-product that is otherwise landfilled, namely drinking-water treatment residuals (WTRs), to treat AMD-water, thus offering a green remediation alternative. AMD-water was collected from Tab-Simco coal mine in Carbondale, Illinois. It was highly acidic (pH 2.27), and contaminated with metals, metalloids and sulfate at very high concentrations. A filter media, prepared using locally-generated aluminum (Al) and calcium (Ca)-based WTRs, was used to increase pH and to remove metals and \({\mathrm{SO}}_4^{2 - }\) from AMD-water. Laboratory-batch sorption studies at various WTRs (Al and Ca):AMD-water ratios were performed to optimize the filter media. WTRs:sand ratio of 1:6 provided optimal permeability, and 1:1 Al-WTRs:Ca-WTRs ratio was the optimal sorbent mix for removal of the metals of concern. A scaled-up study using a 55-gallon WTRs and sand-based filter was designed and tested. The results showed that the filter media removed more than 99% of the initial Fe (137 mg/L), Al (80 mg/L), Zn (11 mg/L), Pb (7 mg/L), As (4 mg/L), Mn (33 mg/L), and 44% of the initial \({\mathrm{SO}}_4^{2 - }\) (2481 mg/L) from Tab-Simco AMD-water. pH increased from 2.27 to 7.8. Desorption experiments showed that the metals were irreversibly bound to the WTRs and were not released back to the water.

Keywords

Acid mine drainage Drinking water treatment residuals Tab-Simco coal mine Green remediation Filter media 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors gratefully acknowledge funding provided by the United States Department of the Interior, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement under OMB No.: 4040–0004 for this study. DS was the joint-PI of that grant, and RD was the co-PI. ARC acknowledges the PhD Program in Environmental Management at Montclair State University for his Doctoral Assistantship.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

267_2018_1112_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary information

References

  1. Asokbunyarat V, van Hullebusch ED, Lens PNL, Annachhatre AP (2015) Adsorption of Heavy metals from Acid Mine Drainage by Coal Bottom Ash. In: Rene ER, Bhattarai S, Nancharaiah YV and Lens PNL (eds.) Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Research Frontiers in Chalcogen Cycle Science & Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, May 28–29, pp 29–39Google Scholar
  2. Behum PT, Lefticariu L, Walter E, Kiser R (2013) Passive treatment of coal-mine drainage by a sulfate-reducing bioreactor in the Illinois coal basin. In: Proceedings of the West Virginia Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium, Morgantown, West Virginia, 26–27 March 2013, p 164Google Scholar
  3. Castaldi P, Silvetti M, Garau G, Demurtas D, Deiana S (2015) Copper (II) and lead (II) removal from aqueous solution by water treatment residues. J Hazard Mater 283(2015):140–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chiang YW, Ghyselbrecht K, Santos RM, Martens JA, Swennen R, Cappuyns V, Meesschaert B (2012) Adsorption of multi-heavy metals onto water treatment residuals: Sorption capacities and applications. Chem Eng J 200–202(3):405–415.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.070 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choi H-J (2015) Biosorption of heavy metals from acid mine drainage by modified sericite and microalgae hybrid system. Water Air Soil Pollut 226:185.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-015-2433-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Choi H-J, Lee S-M (2015) Heavy metal removal from acid mine drainage by calcined eggshell and microalgae hybrid system. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:13404–13411.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4623-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Etale A, Tutu H, Drake DC (2016) Application of maghemite nanoparticles as sorbents for the removal of Cu (II), Mn (II) and U (VI) ions from aqueous solution in acid mine drainage conditions. Appl Water Sci 6:187–197.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0217-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gerhardt A, Bisthoven LJde, Soares AMVM (2004) Macroinvertebrate response to acid mine drainage: community metrics and on-line behavioural toxicity bioassay. Environ Pollut 130(2):263–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hansen JA, Welsh PG, Lipton J, Cacela D (2002) Effects of copper exposure on growth and survival of juvenile bull trout. Trans Am Fish Soc 131(4):690–697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hardy MA (2008) Retention of heavy metals from acid-sulfur rich waste water by water treatment residuals: A reconnaissance study. Master Thesis. The University of Texas at San Antonio: Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesGoogle Scholar
  11. Jennings SR, Neuman DR, Blicker PS (2008) Acid mine drainage and effects on fish health and ecology: A Review. Reclamation Research Group Publication, Bozeman, MT. http://reclamationresearch.net/publications/Final_Lit_Review_AMD.pdf Google Scholar
  12. Johnson DB, Hallberg KB (2005) Acid mine drainage remediation options: a review. Sci Total Environ 338:3–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kim AG, Heisey B, Kleinmann R, Duel M (1982) Acid mine drainage: Control and abatement research. U.S. DOI, Bureau of Mines IC 8905, p 22Google Scholar
  14. Klute A (1996) Methods of soil analysis: Part 1: Physical and mineralogical methods. SSSA Publications, Madison, WIGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee W-C, Lee S-W, Yun S-T, Lee P-K, Hwang YS, Kim S-O (2016) A novel method of utilizing permeable reactive kiddle (PRK) for the remediation of acid mine drainage. J Hazard Mater 301(2016):332–341.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.09.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Makris KC (2004) Long-term stability of sorbed phosphorus by drinking-water treatment residuals: Mechanisms and implications. PhD Thesis. University of Florida. Soil and Water Science Department, University of FloridaGoogle Scholar
  17. Makris KC, El-Shall H, Harris WG, O’Connor GA, Obreza TA (2004) Intraparticle phosphorus diffusion in a drinking water treatment residual at room temperature. J Colloid Interface Sci 277:417–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Makris KC, Sarkar D, Datta R (2006a) Aluminum-based drinking-water treatment residuals: A novel sorbent for perchlorate removal. Environ Pollut 140:9–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Makris KC, Sarkar D, Datta R (2006b) Evaluating a waste by-product as a novel sorbent for arsenic. Chemosphere 64(5):730–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Makris KC, Sarkar D, Parsons JG, Datta R, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2007) Surface arsenic speciation of a drinking water treatment residual using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. J Colloid Interface Sci 311:544–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Martin AJ, Goldblatt R (2007) Speciation, behavior, and bioavailability of copper downstream of a mine-impacted lake. Environ Toxicol Chem 26(12):2594–2603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McKeague JA, Brydon JE, Miles NM (1971) Differentiation of forms of extractable iron and aluminum in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 35:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nagar R, Sarkar D, Makris KC, Datta R, Sylvia VL (2009) Bioavailability and bioaccessibility of arsenic in a soil amended with drinking water treatment residuals. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 57:755–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Neculita C-M, Zagury GJ, Bussière B (2007) Passive treatment of acid mine drainage in bioreactors using sulfate-reducing bacteria: Critical review and research needs. J Environ Qual 36:1–16.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2006.0066 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. North Carolina Administrative Code (2003) NC DENR - Division of Water Quality “Redbook” Surface Waters and Wetlands Standards. NC Administrative Code 15A NCAC 02B .0100 & .0200. Amended Effective: 1 April 2003Google Scholar
  26. Plumb Jr RH (1981) Procedure for handling and chemical analysis of sediment and water samples. Tech. Rep. EPA/CE-81-1, prepared by Great lakes Laboratory. State Univ College at Buffalo. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Buffalo, NY, Vicksburg, MSGoogle Scholar
  27. Prakash P, Sengupta AK (2003) Selective coagulant recovery from water treatment plant residuals using donnan membrane process. Environ Sci Technol 37:4468–4474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Punamiya P, Sarkar D, Rakhsit D, Datta R (2013) Effectiveness of aluminum-based drinking water treatment residuals as a novel sorbent to remove tetracyclines from aqueous medium. J Environ Qual 42:1449–1459.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2013.03.0082 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Punamiya P, Sarkar D, Rakhsit D, Elzinga EJ, Datta R (2015) Immobilization of tetracyclines in manure and manure-amended soils using aluminum-based drinking water treatment residuals. Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5551-y
  30. Rhoades JD (1996) Salinity: Electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids. Methods of soil analysis, part 3: Chemical methods. SSSA Book Series. Sparks et al. (eds). Madison, WI. Soil Sci Soc Am 5.3:417–435.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssabookser5.3.c14 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. RoyChowdhury A, Sarkar D, Datta D (2015) Remediation of acid mine drainage-impacted water. Curr Pollut Rep 1(3):131–141.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40726-015-0011-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. RoyChowdhury A, Sarkar D, Deng Y, Datta D (2017) Assessment of soil and water contamination at the Tab-Simco coal Mine: A case study. Mine Water Environ 36(2):248–256.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10230-016-0401-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. RoyChowdhury A, Sarkar D, Datta R (2018) Preliminary studies on potential remediation of acid mine drainage-impacted soils by amendment with drinking-water treatment residuals. Remediat J 28(3):75–82.  https://doi.org/10.1002/rem.2156 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sarkar D, Makris KC, Vandanapu V, Datta R (2007) Arsenic immobilization in soils amended with drinking-water treatment residuals. Environ Pollut 146:414–419.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.06.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Schmidt TS, Soucek DJ, Cherry DS (2002) Modification of an ecotoxicological rating to bioassess small acid mine drainage-impacted watersheds exclusive of benthic macroinvertebrate analysis. Environ Toxicol Chem 21(5):1091–1097Google Scholar
  36. Segid YT (2010) Evaluation of the Tab-Simco acid mine drainage treatment system: Water chemistry, performance and treatment processes. Master Thesis. Southern Illinois, Carbondale: Department of Geology, Southern Illinois University Carbondale (May 2010)Google Scholar
  37. Smith PA (2002) Characterization of an acid mine drainage site in Southern Illinois. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining Reclamation, Lexington, KY, 9–13 June 2002, p 472–486Google Scholar
  38. Soucek DJ, Cherry DS, Currie RJ, Latimer HA, Trent GC (2000) Laboratory and field validation in an integrative assessment of an acid mine drainage-impacted watershed. Environ Toxicol Chem 19(4):1036–1043Google Scholar
  39. Stumm W, Morgan JJ (1981) Aquatic chemistry: An introduction emphasizing chemical equilibria in natural waters, 2nd edn. John Wiley & Sons, New York, p 470Google Scholar
  40. Trout Unlimited (2011) The west branch Susquehanna recovery benchmark project. Lock Haven PA: Trout Unlimited. http://www.patrout.org/docs/reference-materials/west_branch_susquehanna_recovery.pdf?sfvrsn=2
  41. USDA Forest Service (1993) Acid mine drainage from mines on the National Forests, A Management Challenge. U S For Serv Publ 1505:1–12Google Scholar
  42. USDA Forest Service (2005) Wildland waters. Issue 4. Winter 2005; FS-812. http://www.fs.fed.us
  43. USEPA (1994a) Technical document: Acid mine drainage prediction. EPA 530-R-94-036. NTIS PB94-201829. December 1994Google Scholar
  44. USEPA (1994b) Water quality standards handbook, 2nd edn. Water Quality Standards Branch, Office of Science and Technology, Washington, DC, EPA 823-B-94-005a. August 1994Google Scholar
  45. USEPA (1996) Test methods for evaluating solid waste, SW 846, 3rd edn. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental and Ocean EngineeringStevens Institute of TechnologyHobokenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA

Personalised recommendations