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Environmental Management

, Volume 62, Issue 6, pp 1134–1149 | Cite as

Deforestation Dynamics on an Amazonian Peri-Urban Frontier: Simulating the Influence of the Rio Negro Bridge in Manaus, Brazil

  • Camila Julia Pacheco Ramos
  • Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro Graça
  • Philip Martin FearnsideEmail author
Article
  • 156 Downloads

Abstract

Peri-urban expansion is an increasingly important source of tropical deforestation, and a bridge over the Rio Negro in Brazil’s state of Amazonas provides an unusual opportunity to quantify these impacts with clear “before” and “after” periods. Inaugurated in 2011, the bridge connects Manaus to forest areas on the right bank of the river, thus opening a new frontier for peri-urban expansion. We used the AGROECO model in the Dinamica-EGO software to simulate “Bridge” and “No-bridge” scenarios to evaluate the spatial dynamics of deforestation in the municipalities (counties) of Iranduba, Manacapuru and Novo Airão. Simulated deforestation between 2011 and 2030 for the study area as a whole was 106% higher with the bridge. The portion of the study area with expansion of roads had four times more deforestation in the Bridge scenario than in the No-bridge scenario. A change in the spatial distribution of the deforested area was detected, with an advance of deforestation in the municipality closest to the bridge. Deforestation also expanded in more distant regions. Peri-urbanization in the Bridge scenario demonstrates the possible increase in the spatial distribution of deforestation activity beyond the already-consolidated frontier, making the deforestation pattern more diffuse and leaving the remaining forest even more vulnerable. Impact of the bridge could further increase due to additional factors, such as the planned opening of a highway (BR-319) connecting Manaus to Brazil’s “arc of deforestation.”

Highlights

  • Completion of Brazil’s Rio Negro Bridge in Manaus in 2011 allows urban expansion.

  • Simulated deforestation to 2030 in the area accessed is 106% higher with the bridge.

  • Clearing on the Rio Negro’s right bank is more spatially dispersed with the bridge.

  • A planned highway link to the arc of deforestation could further accelerate clearing.

Keywords

Amazon Deforestation Land-use change Urbanization Peri-urbanization Brazil 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding was provided by Conselho Nacional do Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq: Proc 304020/2010-9; 311103/2015-4; 573810/2008-7), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas (FAPEAM: Proc 708565), Programa de Capacitação Institucional, Ministério de Ciência, Tecnologia e Comunicação (MCTIC Proc: 313157/2015-4) and Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA: 15,125.PRJ). This article is a contribution of the Brazilian Research Network on Global Climate Change, FINEP/ Rede CLIMA grant number 01.13.0353-00.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

267_2018_1097_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.6 mb)
Supplementary Information

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Pós Graduação em EcologiaInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA)ManausBrazil
  2. 2.Coordenação de Dinâmica AmbientalInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA)ManausBrazil
  3. 3.Brazilian Research Network on Climate Change (RedeClima)Environmental Services Sub-Network, INPAManausBrazil

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