Environmental Management

, Volume 56, Issue 6, pp 1377–1396 | Cite as

Bioenergy and Biodiversity: Key Lessons from the Pan American Region

  • Keith L. Kline
  • Fernanda Silva Martinelli
  • Audrey L. MayerEmail author
  • Rodrigo Medeiros
  • Camila Ortolan F. Oliveira
  • Gerd Sparovek
  • Arnaldo Walter
  • Lisa A. Venier


Understanding how large-scale bioenergy production can affect biodiversity and ecosystems is important if society is to meet current and future sustainable development goals. A variety of bioenergy production systems have been established within different contexts throughout the Pan American region, with wide-ranging results in terms of documented and projected effects on biodiversity and ecosystems. The Pan American region is home to the majority of commercial bioenergy production and therefore the region offers a broad set of experiences and insights on both conflicts and opportunities for biodiversity and bioenergy. This paper synthesizes lessons learned focusing on experiences in Canada, the United States, and Brazil regarding the conflicts that can arise between bioenergy production and ecological conservation, and benefits that can be derived when bioenergy policies promote planning and more sustainable land-management systems. We propose a research agenda to address priority information gaps that are relevant to biodiversity concerns and related policy challenges in the Pan American region.


Biofuel Brazil Canada Ecological impacts Woody biomass Forest residue 



This paper was produced with support from Research Coordination Network NSF Grant CBET-1140152, RCN: SEES: A Research Coordination Network on Pan American Biofuels and Bioenergy Sustainability. Kline’s research was supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Science Foundation IIA #1243444 NSF PIRE, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). ORNL is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for DOE under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith L. Kline
    • 1
  • Fernanda Silva Martinelli
    • 2
  • Audrey L. Mayer
    • 3
    Email author
  • Rodrigo Medeiros
    • 4
  • Camila Ortolan F. Oliveira
    • 5
  • Gerd Sparovek
    • 6
  • Arnaldo Walter
    • 5
  • Lisa A. Venier
    • 7
  1. 1.Center for BioEnergy Sustainability, Environmental Sciences DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Sustainable Development Practices Graduate Program, UFRRJ/Conservation International BrasilSeropédicaBrazil
  3. 3.School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science and Department of Social SciencesMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA
  4. 4.Conservation International Brazil and Department of Environmental SciencesFederal Rural University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  5. 5.University of Campinas (Unicamp)CampinasBrazil
  6. 6.University of São Paulo, USPPiracicabaBrazil
  7. 7.Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry CentreSault Ste. MarieCanada

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