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Environmental Management

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 732–743 | Cite as

Managing Protected Areas Under Climate Change: Challenges and Priorities

  • Sven RannowEmail author
  • Nicholas A. Macgregor
  • Juliane Albrecht
  • Humphrey Q. P. Crick
  • Michael Förster
  • Stefan Heiland
  • Georg Janauer
  • Mike D. Morecroft
  • Marco Neubert
  • Anca Sarbu
  • Jadwiga Sienkiewicz
Article

Abstract

The implementation of adaptation actions in local conservation management is a new and complex task with multiple facets, influenced by factors differing from site to site. A transdisciplinary perspective is therefore required to identify and implement effective solutions. To address this, the International Conference on Managing Protected Areas under Climate Change brought together international scientists, conservation managers, and decision-makers to discuss current experiences with local adaptation of conservation management. This paper summarizes the main issues for implementing adaptation that emerged from the conference. These include a series of conclusions and recommendations on monitoring, sensitivity assessment, current and future management practices, and legal and policy aspects. A range of spatial and temporal scales must be considered in the implementation of climate-adapted management. The adaptation process must be area-specific and consider the ecosystem and the social and economic conditions within and beyond protected area boundaries. However, a strategic overview is also needed: management at each site should be informed by conservation priorities and likely impacts of climate change at regional or even wider scales. Acting across these levels will be a long and continuous process, requiring coordination with actors outside the “traditional” conservation sector. To achieve this, a range of research, communication, and policy/legal actions is required. We identify a series of important actions that need to be taken at different scales to enable managers of protected sites to adapt successfully to a changing climate.

Keywords

Conservation management Climate adaptation Monitoring Assessing sensitivity Management practices Legal and policy advice 

Notes

Acknowledgments

IMPACT was organized as part of the project HABIT-CHANGE—Adaptive Management of Climate-induced Changes of Habitat Diversity in Protected Areas (www.habit-change.eu). This project was implemented within the INTERREG IV B CENTRAL EUROPE Program (reference number 2CE168P3) co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Additional funding was provided by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) under the Grant number NE 1843/1-1. Our sincerest thanks go to everyone who made IMPACT such a successful event: the conference presenters who generously shared their time and expertise, the session chairs who managed their part of the event, and all the participants who contributed to lively and productive discussions. Last but by no means least, we thank all the partners of HABIT-CHANGE who cannot be named individually, as the project brought together more than 50 people from 17 institutions in eight countries across central Europe.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sven Rannow
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nicholas A. Macgregor
    • 2
  • Juliane Albrecht
    • 3
  • Humphrey Q. P. Crick
    • 4
  • Michael Förster
    • 5
  • Stefan Heiland
    • 6
  • Georg Janauer
    • 7
  • Mike D. Morecroft
    • 8
  • Marco Neubert
    • 3
  • Anca Sarbu
    • 9
  • Jadwiga Sienkiewicz
    • 10
  1. 1.Biosphere Reserve River Landscape Elbe-BrandenburgRühstädtGermany
  2. 2.Natural EnglandLondonUK
  3. 3.Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional DevelopmentDresdenGermany
  4. 4.Natural EnglandCambridgeUK
  5. 5.Geoinformation in Environmental Planning LabTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  6. 6.Department of Landscape Planning and DevelopmentTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  7. 7.Department of LimnologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  8. 8.Natural EnglandWorcesterUK
  9. 9.Department of Botany-MicrobiologyUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania
  10. 10.Environmental Protection InstituteWarsawPoland

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