Environmental Management

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 418–435 | Cite as

Analyzing the Social Factors That Influence Willingness to Pay for Invasive Alien Species Management Under Two Different Strategies: Eradication and Prevention

  • Marina García-LlorenteEmail author
  • Berta Martín-López
  • Paulo A. L. D. Nunes
  • José A. González
  • Paloma Alcorlo
  • Carlos Montes


Biological invasions occur worldwide, and have been the object of ecological and socio-economic research for decades. However, the manner in which different stakeholder groups identify the problems associated with invasive species and confront invasive species management under different policies remains poorly understood. In this study, we conducted an econometric analysis of the social factors influencing willingness to pay for invasive alien species management under two different regimes: eradication and prevention in the Doñana Natural Protected Area (SW Spain). Controlling for the participation of local residents, tourists and conservationists, email and face-to-face questionnaires were conducted. Results indicated that respondents were more willing to pay for eradication than prevention; and public support for invasive alien species management was influenced by an individual’s knowledge and perception of invasive alien species, active interest in nature, and socio-demographic attributes. We concluded that invasive alien species management research should confront the challenges to engage stakeholders and accept any tradeoffs necessary to modify different conservation policies to ensure effective management is implemented. Finally, our willingness to pay estimates suggest the Department of Environment of Andalusian Government has suitable social support to meet the budgetary expenditures required for invasive alien species plans and adequate resources to justify an increase in the invasive alien species management budget.


Contingent valuation Doñana Eradication Invasive alien species Prevention Willingness to pay 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Doñana National and Natural Park staff, Department of Environment of Andalusian Government staff, and Fundación Doñana for providing facilities to obtain data, especially M.D. Cobo, M.J. Conde, G. Ceballos, A. Villalva, and B. Ceballos. We thank R. Mangas and J.L. Nicolau for their helpful comments on the Heckman model. Sincere thanks are due to three anonymous reviewers for their pertinent suggestions and recommendations, which have enabled us to greatly improve our manuscript. We also thank tourists, local users and researchers who took their time to respond to the questionnaire. Map was made by Ignacio Palomo. This research was partially supported by a grant from the Madrid Regional Government of Education, which is co-founded by the Social European Fund (F.S.E.), the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (Project CGL2006-14121/BOS), and the Biodiversity Foundation of the Spanish Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs, through the project Millennium Ecosystem Assessment of Spain.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina García-Llorente
    • 1
    Email author
  • Berta Martín-López
    • 1
  • Paulo A. L. D. Nunes
    • 2
  • José A. González
    • 1
  • Paloma Alcorlo
    • 1
  • Carlos Montes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology, Social-Ecological Systems LaboratoryUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.The Mediterranean Science Commission - CIESMMonacoMonaco

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