Environmental Management

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 584–592 | Cite as

Factors Influencing Success of Marine Protected Areas in the Visayas, Philippines as Related to Increasing Protected Area Coverage

  • Richard Pollnac
  • Tarsila Seara


Throughout the world there is a general consensus among environmentalists that there should be an increase in the amount of marine area that should be reserved in marine protected areas (MPAs). In fact, the 1998 Philippines Fishery Code indicates a need for designation of at least 15% of municipal waters for fish refuges or sanctuaries. Such an increase in area would take productive fishing areas away from fishing communities that can ill-afford the loss. The larger the protected area, there will be a greater number of people impacted. This article examines the relationship between factors that influence the success of Community Based MPA (CBMPA) performance in the Visayas, Philippines and their significance in efforts to increase the size of protected areas.


Marine protected areas No-take areas Community-based MPA MPA Performance Philippines MPA Scale-up 



Initial research was supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation through the Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island. Support for the reanalysis of the data to determine factors potentially impacting scaling-up of MPAs was provided by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine AffairsUniversity of Rhode IslandWashburn Hall, KingstonUSA

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