Environmental Management

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 998–1013 | Cite as

Proposal for an Integral Quality Index for Urban and Urbanized Beaches

  • Eduard Ariza
  • Jose A. Jimenez
  • Rafael Sarda
  • Miriam Villares
  • Josep Pinto
  • Rosa Fraguell
  • Elisabet Roca
  • Carolina Marti
  • Herminia Valdemoro
  • Ramon Ballester
  • Modest Fluvia
Article

Abstract

A composite index, based on function analysis and including thirteen sub-indices, was developed to assess the overall quality of urban and urbanized beaches in the Mediterranean area. The aggregation of components and sub-indices was based on two questionnaires completed by beach users and experts. Applying the new Beach Quality Index (BQI) demonstrated that the quality of beaches could be improved. In general, the strongest aspects of the beaches assessed were those related to short-term user demand, and the weakest were those related to the consequences of human pressure on the area, in particular, erosion problems. The composite index is intended to be used together with Environmental Management Beach Systems (EMBs) as a hierarchical management scorecard and in monitoring programs. This new tool could also make planning more proactive by synthesizing the state of the most important beach processes.

Keywords

Beach management Integral quality Indicators Function analysis Multi-criteria analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduard Ariza
    • 1
  • Jose A. Jimenez
    • 2
  • Rafael Sarda
    • 1
  • Miriam Villares
    • 3
  • Josep Pinto
    • 4
  • Rosa Fraguell
    • 4
  • Elisabet Roca
    • 3
  • Carolina Marti
    • 4
  • Herminia Valdemoro
    • 2
  • Ramon Ballester
    • 5
  • Modest Fluvia
    • 5
  1. 1.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de BlanesBlanesSpain
  2. 2.Laboratori d’Enginyeria MaritimaUniversitat Politecnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Laboratori d’Estudis Socials de l’Enginyeria CivilUniversitat Politecnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Laboratori d’Anàlisi i Gestió del PaisatgeUniversitat de GironaGironaSpain
  5. 5.Departament d’EconomiaUniversitat de GironaBarcelonaSpain

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