Environmental Management

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 800–809 | Cite as

Coastal Aquaculture Development in Bangladesh: Unsustainable and Sustainable Experiences

  • A. Kalam AzadEmail author
  • Kathe R. Jensen
  • C. Kwei Lin


Coastal aquaculture in Bangladesh consists mainly of two shrimp species (Penaeus monodon and Macrobrachium rosenbergii). Currently, there are about 16,237 marine shrimp (P. monodon) farms covering 148,093 ha and 36,109 fresh water shrimp (M. rosenbergii) farms covering 17,638 ha coastal area. More than 0.7 million people are employed in the farmed shrimp sector and in 2005–2006 the export value of shrimp was 403.5 million USD. Thus, coastal aquaculture contributes significantly to rural employment and economy but this is overshadowed by negative social and ecological impacts. This article reviews the key issues, constraints and opportunities of sustainable shrimp farming. In addition we present the results of two case studies from southwestern coastal areas where shrimp farming originated and central coastal areas where shrimp farming, especially M. rosenbergii, began in recent years. Lessons learned from the review and case studies are considered in the context of recommendations to encompass a socially equitable and ecologically sound coastal aquaculture.


Coastal aquaculture Shrimp Socio-economic Sustainability Bangladesh 



This research work was funded by Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). We are grateful to Erik H.J. Keus for many aspects of this work including logistical base in Patuakhali Barguna Aquaculture Extension Project. Thanks to Abdullah A. Masum and Belayet Hossain who helped to collect information during the study period. We thank two anonymous reviewers and the editorial board for their helpful comments, suggestions and editing an earlier version of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kalam Azad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathe R. Jensen
    • 2
  • C. Kwei Lin
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Land and Food SystemsThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Zoological MuseumUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.Aquaculture and Aquatic Resources ManagementAsian Institute of TechnologyBangkokThailand

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