Environmental Management

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 228–242 | Cite as

A Template for Integrated Community Sustainability Planning

  • Christopher Ling
  • Kevin HannaEmail author
  • Ann Dale


This article describes a template for implementing an integrated community sustainability plan. The template emphasizes community engagement and outlines the components of a basic framework for integrating ecological, social and economic dynamics into a community plan. The framework is a series of steps that support a sustainable community development process. While it reflects the Canadian experience, the tools and techniques have applied value for a range of environmental planning contexts around the world. The research is case study based and draws from a diverse range of communities representing many types of infrastructure, demographics and ecological and geographical contexts. A critical path for moving local governments to sustainable community development is the creation and implementation of integrated planning approaches. To be effective and to be implemented, a requisite shift to sustainability requires active community engagement processes, political will, and a commitment to political and administrative accountability, and measurement.


Integrated planning Sustainability Sustainable development Community involvement Participatory planning Implementation 



Support for this work has been provided by Infrastructure Canada and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. The authors would like to thank the practitioners in planning and community development, who provided review comments, experience, and insight, for their help in this research. The time, comments and insight provided by the peer reviewers are also greatly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and SustainabilityRoyal Roads UniversityVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Geography and Environmental StudiesWilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada

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