Environmental Management

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 513–525

Evaluation of the Impact of the Natural Forest Protection Program on Rural Household Livelihoods

  • Katrina Mullan
  • Andreas Kontoleon
  • Timothy M. Swanson
  • Shiqiu Zhang
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00267-009-9288-6

Cite this article as:
Mullan, K., Kontoleon, A., Swanson, T.M. et al. Environmental Management (2010) 45: 513. doi:10.1007/s00267-009-9288-6

Abstract

In this study, we estimated the impact on local household livelihoods of the Natural Forest Protection Program (NFPP), which is the largest logging-ban program in the world, which aims to protect watersheds and conserve natural forests. In doing so, we used a series of microeconometric policy-evaluation techniques to assess the impacts of the NFPP on two interrelated facets of household livelihoods: income and off-farm labor supply. We found that the NFPP has had a negative impact on incomes from timber harvesting but has actually had a positive impact on total household incomes from all sources. Furthermore, we found that off-farm labor supply outside the village has increased more rapidly in NFPP than in non-NFPP areas. Based on these results, policy implications for household livelihoods were drawn and are presented herein.

Keywords

China Income impacts Logging ban Natural Forest Protection Program Off-farm labor Policy evaluation Property rights 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katrina Mullan
    • 1
  • Andreas Kontoleon
    • 1
  • Timothy M. Swanson
    • 2
  • Shiqiu Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Land EconomyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Department of Economics and School of LawsUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.College of Environmental SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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