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Environmental Management

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 327–343 | Cite as

Forest Restoration and Forest Communities: Have Local Communities Benefited from Forest Service Contracting of Ecosystem Management?

Article

Abstract

Conservation-based development programs have sought to create economic opportunities for people negatively impacted by biological diversity protection. The USDA Forest Service, for example, developed policies and programs to create contracting opportunities for local communities to restore public lands to replace jobs lost from reduced timber harvest. This article examines 12 years of Forest Service land management contracting in western Oregon, Washington, and northern California to evaluate if contractors located in communities near national forests have been awarded more land management contracts and contract value over time. We find that land management contracting spending has declined dramatically and, once we control for intervening factors, we find that local contractors have received a smaller proportion of land management contracts over time.

Keywords

Conservation-based development Forest communities Procurement contracting Forest Service Northwest Forest Plan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the University of Oregon, Ford Foundation, and the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region agreement number NFS-03-JV-11060000–231 and Pacific Northwest Research Station agreement number PNW-05-JV-11261975–255. We thank Mikhael Balaev, Shanna French-Moore, Adam Lake, Martin Tussler, and Jim Wolf for their help with data entry, cleaning, and calculating; Jessica Green, Robin High, Ken Hudson, Laura Leete, Jean Stockard, and Richard York for helping us think through our analysis; and Claudia Stuart for proving forest-level budget data. We also appreciate the Forest Service contracting officers and technicians who were willing to answer questions about the minutia of the data tracking practices. Finally, we are grateful to Susan Charnley for supporting this project and providing timely data. Errors remain ours.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecosystem Workforce Program, Institute for a Sustainable EnvironmentUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA

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