Environmental Management

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 374–381 | Cite as

Relationship Between Tourism Development and Vegetated Landscapes in Luya Mountain Nature Reserve, Shanxi, China

  • Zhan-Hong Cheng
  • Jin-Tun Zhang


The relationship between tourism development and vegetated landscapes is analyzed for the Luya Mountain Nature Reserve (LMNR), Shanxi, China, in this study. Indices such as Sensitive Level (SL), Landscape Importance Value (LIV), information index of biodiversity (H’), Shade-tolerant Species Proportion (SSP), and Tourism Influencing Index (TII) are used to characterize vegetated landscapes, the impact of tourism, and their relationship. Their relationship is studied by Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) and Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA). TWINSPAN gives correct and rapid partition to the classification, and DCA ordination shows the changing tendency of all vegetation types based on tourism development. These results reflect the ecological relationship between tourism development and vegetated landscapes. In Luya Mountain Nature Reserve, most plant communities are in good or medium condition, which shows that these vegetated landscapes can support more tourism. However, the occurrence of the bad condition shows that there is a severe contradiction between tourism development and vegetated landscapes.


Tourism development Vegetated landscapes TWINSPAN DCA Luya Mountain Nature Reserve 



We thank reviewers for their constructive comments. The study is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC, Grant No. 30070140).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Center for Recreation and Tourism ResearchEnvironment CollegePeking UniversityChina
  2. 2.College of Life ScienceBeijing Normal UniversityChina

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