Environmental Management

, Volume 34, Supplement 1, pp S111–S124 | Cite as

Toward a Scientifically Rigorous Basis for Developing Mapped Ecological Regions

  • Gerard McMahon
  • Ed B. Wiken
  • David A. Gauthier


Despite the wide use of ecological regions in conservation and resource-management evaluations and assessments, a commonly accepted theoretical basis for ecological regionalization does not exist. This fact, along with the paucity of focus on ecological regionalization by professional associations, journals, and faculties, has inhibited the advancement of a broadly acceptable scientific basis for the development, use, and verification of ecological regions. The central contention of this article is that ecological regions should improve our understanding of geographic and ecological phenomena associated with biotic and abiotic processes occurring in individual regions and also of processes characteristic of interactions and dependencies among multiple regions. Research associated with any ecoregional framework should facilitate development of hypotheses about ecological phenomena and dominant landscape elements associated with these phenomena, how these phenomena are structured in space, and how they function in a hierarchy. Success in addressing the research recommendations outlined in this article cannot occur within an ad hoc, largely uncoordinated research environment. Successful implementation of this plan will require activities—coordination, funding, and education—that are both scientific and administrative in nature. Perhaps the most important element of an infrastructure to support the scientific work of ecoregionalization would be a national or international authority similar to the Water and Science Technology Board of the National Academy of Sciences.

Ecological regions Hypothesis testing Research 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerard McMahon
    • 1
  • Ed B. Wiken
    • 2
  • David A. Gauthier
    • 3
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyRaleigh, North Carolina 27607USA
  2. 2.National Habitat Science and Policy ProgramWildlife Habitat CanadaOttawa, ON, Canada, K1Y 4P1
  3. 3.Canadian Plains Research CenterUniversity of ReginaSaskatchewanCanada S4S 0A2

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