Unsatisfactory Results of Periareolar Mastopexy With or Without Augmentation and Reduction Mammoplasty: Enlarged Areola With Flattened Nipple
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A method of repair is described for correction of abnormally enlarged nipple–areola complex following both periareolar mastopexy and pregnancy. Although during periolar mastopexy or reduction mammoplasty regular subcuticular dermal sutures may control the enlargement of nipple–areola complexes initially, the periareolar scar becomes hypertrophic and areolar spreading occurs to some extent. Periareolar mastopexy techniques are indeed advisable only for minimal hypertrophies or ptosis of the breast, especially for areolar asymmetry, if an acceptable, normal-size areola is expected. The authors believe that in periolar mastopexy or reduction mammoplasty cases resulting in enlarged nipple–areola complexes, the size of the areola can also be corrected by reduction mammoplasty or mastopexy using vertical bipedicle techniques. Although surgery results in an inverted T incision, the shape of the breast is more acceptable and the size of the areola does not enlarge with time.
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