Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 129–130 | Cite as

Invited Discussion on: Analysis of Nasal Obstruction Patterns Following Reductive Rhinoplasty

  • Ronald P. GruberEmail author
  • Rachel Lentz
Editor’s Invited Commentary


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

For this type of study, informed consent is not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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