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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 129–130 | Cite as

Invited Discussion on: Analysis of Nasal Obstruction Patterns Following Reductive Rhinoplasty

  • Ronald P. GruberEmail author
  • Rachel Lentz
Editor’s Invited Commentary
  • 30 Downloads

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

For this type of study, informed consent is not required.

References

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    Andres RF, Vuyk HD, Ahmed A et al (2009) Correlation between subjective and objective evaluation of the nasal airway. A systematic review of the highest level of evidence. Clin Otolaryngol 34(6):518–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Lam DJ, James KT, Weaver EM (2006) Comparison of anatomic, physiological, and subjective measures of the nasal airway. Am J Rhinol 20(5):463–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Erdogan M, Cingi C, Seren E (2012) Evaluation of nasal airway alterations associated with septoplasty by both objective and subject methods. Eur Archs Otorhinolaryngl 270:99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Gruber RP, Lin AY, Richards T (2010) A predictive test and classification for valvular nasal obstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg 126:143–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cakir B, Saban Y, Daniel RK, Palhazi P (2019) Preservation rhinoplasty. Self-published, IstanbulGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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